The foundation single crochet is a stitch that can be used in place of a starting chain. Its ability to allow an on-the-fly decision about project width can save you time and anguish, so let’s take a look at why the foundation single crochet stitch is an essential stitch for any crocheter who doesn’t like ripping out their work!
What is a Foundation Single Crochet Stitch or FSC?
Not having to work a starting chain row can be useful in so many ways, especially for designers who are starting a pattern from scratch! When you want to start a project with a certain width, and knowing your gauge, you can guesstimate at how many stitches you’d need to start with. You add 1 to your desired number of stitches and that’s your starting chain stitch count. At the end of the chain stitch row, you turn and work single crochet stitches into each chain stitch. However, sometimes you find that the resulting row is either too long or too short. If that happens, you have to rip out the entire single crochet row, and often the entire chain stitch row as well, since those stitches tend to get stretched out and gives the piece a messy edge.
However, if you start with a foundation single crochet row, or a chainless single foundation row, you’re making up the width as you go. When you stop at your target number of stitches, you can make adjustments right there by adding or ripping out individual stitches instead of entire rows. The row you start next will be your SECOND working row, instead of your first working row. How cool is that?
I love starting with chainless foundation rows when I’m experimenting with a new design. It really gives me the flexibility to make changes to the starting row without wasting a lot of time or energy. And no one likes ripping out rows of work!
You can see that I’ve used a foundation single crochet row to start my福克斯指手套和我的Bunny Cozy。Both of these projects need some extra stretch at the beginning of the project, without adding too much extra stitches into the round itself. I also used foundation single crochet stitches at the beginning of my top-down仙境开衫，又因为我不想过于紧张或收缩衣领。
除了基础的单钩针针，还有一个基础半双钩针version, and a foundation double crochet version. They are all similar to each other and produce stitches like their traditional counterparts. The foundation double crochet row would be the tallest of the 3 options.
You can use a foundation single crochet row anytime a project calls for a row of single crochet stitches in its first working row. If you’re unsure of your gauge or if you need to alter a pattern for fit and sizing, you may want to consider starting the project with a chainless foundation. Even if the pattern asks you to work a certain number of chain stitches, you can convert that to foundation single crochet stitches. Here’s how:
Let’s say a pattern asks you to work 26 chain stitches. Then starting with the 2nd chain from your hook, to work 1 single crochet stitch in each chain stitch across, for a total of 25 single crochet stitches. To convert that to a chainless foundation, all you have to do is work 25 foundation single crochet stitches! Then you can turn your work and follow the rest of the pattern as written. This way, you can easily adjust patterns if you’re gauge is not quite correct, and gives you more control your own project.
Things to Watch Out For When Working Chainless Foundation Stitches
一个钩针基础行可以更具延展性than a chain stitch row, which can be a bonus, or it can actually detract from your project is it’s too loose. One way to combat this is to use a smaller hook for the foundation row. If the pattern calls for a 4.00mm hook for the body of the piece, you can try using a 3.5mm or a 3.75mm hook for the foundation single crochet row. This will give you the stretch you want without looking too ruffled.
Another tip to keep in mind is if right side and wrong side rows are important in your pattern, or if it’s important where your beginning tail lies. When you work a chain stitch row, and then work a single crochet row back across, your beginning tail will be on the左下方of a right facing row. Your second row (the single crochet stitches) is your right side row. Working a chainless foundation row will keep the beginning tail on the右下of a right facing row, and your second row will be your wrong side row. The tail placement shouldn’t be important in most cases, but if you need that tail for seaming or for an accent, it’ll be important to note. And if you’re doing work where right side and wrong side rows are important, you’ll want to take care in how this affects your design.
Written Instructions for the FSC Crochet Stitch
First, tie a slip knot onto your hook.
1.Start with 2 chains on the hook.
3。Yarn over and pull up through ONLY the first loop on hook. This creates your first “chain stitch”.
8。Yarn over and pull through both loops on hook to complete your next single crochet stitch.
The bottom of the foundation row looks like full chains, which gives your edge a nice clean look.
The stitches you’ll work into on your next row are at the top of the foundation row. They’re also an easy to recognize V-shape. To begin your next row, simply chain the indicated number of stitches, turn, and work into the Vs of the previous row (as indicated by the white arrows below）。